International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences <p>The International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences (IJMRES) is a high-quality international refereed research journal with an ISSN 2223-5604 EISSN 2313-7738 which is published on quarterly bases (March, June, September, December). It calls for papers in areas relevant to Management and Emerging Sciences. The term “Emerging Sciences” covers research areas such as Marketing, Finance, Management and HR, Education Leadership, Production Management, Islamic Finance, Accounting, Banking, Economics, Management Information Systems, and last but not the least-Transport &amp; Logistics Management.</p> <p> </p> <p>IJMRES addresses not only the researchers but also the academic readers as a secondary audience. Management research has expanded significantly in recent decades, making it difficult for scholars to follow advances in the multiple specialized sub-fields. IJMRES addresses this by publishing important work that synthesizes and translates theoretical and empirical research in management’s distinct sub-fields in an authoritative evidential manner that makes these findings accessible for scholars. Single articles or collections of related articles are welcome. It entertains thought-provoking articles that lead to new approaches to the management field.</p> en-US Fri, 23 Dec 2022 12:48:50 -0500 OJS 60 Factors Affecting Supply Chain Resiiliency- Its Impact Over Supply Chain Performance and Customer Value - A Case Study of Pharmaceutical Industry <p class="Els-Abstract-text">The supply chain structure of the pharmaceutical industry in Pakistan was investigated in this research study. It was hypothesized that supply chain systems were failing because they lacked adequate architecture to handle the demands of the business environment in which they operate. Because of global sourcing and distribution, manufacturing has become more interdependent, dynamic, and unpredictable. Pharmaceutical supply chains have become more complicated as a result, increasing the number of parties involved and the degree of uncertainty that may be placed on the networks that deliver pharmaceutical goods. Only when it comes to timely delivery and the correct location at the right time is this sector truly relevant. A difficult and competitive business environment has resulted from this reality; pharmaceutical businesses are now looking for operational status that will help them improve their supply chain operations. The impact of SCR (Supply Chain Reliability) in Pakistan's pharmaceutical business is the focus of this article. It is the goal of this study to identify approaches and generate information about the degree of supply chain resilience and the determinants of relational competences of upstream and downstream supply chains, as well as the role of internal integration in making the pharmaceutical supply chain robust.</p> Qamar atta ul haq Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Enhancing the Organizational Sustainability through Innovation and Continuous Improvement in the Context of Pakistan: Moderating Effect of Industry 4.0 <p>Based on the Resource-based View (RBV), this study examined how Innovation may be related to the sustainability of an organization in the manufacturing sector of Pakistan. Moreover, this study also tested the mediating role of continuous improvement and moderating impact of Industry 4.0 in this relationship. Data was collected from over 322 firms in the manufacturing sector of Pakistan using a survey questionnaire. A conceptual framework and related hypotheses were developed after the literature review, which was tested with PLS-SEM and analyzed. The results of this study showed that Innovation was directly and significantly related to Organizational Sustainability. It was also found that Continuous Improvement mediates the influence of Innovation on sustainability and Industry 4.0 moderates these relationships. Overall, the study findings supported the hypotheses for their direct and indirect effects, which were also in line with the findings of the studies conducted in past on sustainability. This study has major theoretical and practical implications. Theoretically, it advances RBV by suggesting the roles of Innovation and Continuous Improvement with sustainability and also established the boundary mechanism of Industry 4.0. practically, the findings are useful for the firms not only in the manufacturing sector but also in other industries and guide the policymakers in making strategies for enhancing sustainability</p> Kamran Ali, Naila Kausar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 An Understanding of the Agripreneurial Knowledge and Motivation among Gambian Young Agripreneurs <p>Agripreneurship is a new buzzword in the discourse on economic development. It is a new global idea aiming to change agriculture from a subsistence sector to a competitive business. The primary objective of this study is to document the level of knowledge of young agripreneurs. The study also assesses factors that stimulated their interest in initiating agribusiness ventures in The Gambia. To achieve this, survey data were collected from 384 young agripreneurs using a self-administered questionnaire in five agricultural zones in the Gambia. Data were analyzed using descriptive factor and k-mean cluster analyses. The findings indicated that the respondents had a medium knowledge of all agripreneurial behavioral components used in the study. Based on the push-pull anchor framework, we found that young agripreneurs about family misfortune, lack of job opportunities, dismissal from the previous job, poverty (push factors), low financial status, economic independence and the pursuit of self-actualization (push factors), opportunities in agriculture and the encouragement from the government (mooring factors) all play a significant role in the motivation to pursue agripreneurship. Furthermore, the results of the cluster analysis revealed four distinct groups of young farmers: ambitious agripreneurs, financial reward seekers, agribusiness lovers, and social protectors. Kruskal Wallis and post hoc tests indicated statistically significant differences between groupings. These findings suggest that for policymakers to understand the potential of the agripreneurship sector, it is a need to pay close attention to the level of knowledge and motivations of agripreneurs in order to design appropriate policies for greater participation of youth in agripreneurship. Implications for theory, as well as limitations and potential future directions, were discussed.</p> Mortala Boye, Abdul Ghafoor, Hammad Badar, Asghar Ali Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Effects of Volatility, Fiscal Policy Cyclicality and Financial Development on Growth in South Asia <p>This study empirically investigates the association between macroeconomic volatility and growth in the presence of credit constraints and governmental fiscal policy stance. This study considers four South Asian countries: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka to examine the relationship between macroeconomic volatility and growth during the period lasting from 1980 to 2018 using the fully modified least square method. This study finds an inverse impact of volatility on growth in the presence of financial market constraints as credit market imperfections restrict companies from borrowing which eventually affect long-term investment and innovations. Also, the results suggest that fiscal policy for South Asian countries is pro-cyclical.</p> Muhammad Zubair Mumtaz, Syeda Qurat-ul-Ain Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Saving-Investment or Foreign Exchange Gap: What Hinders Fiscal Stability in Pakistan? <p>Macroeconomic stability is a major objective to be achieved for sustainable economic growth. However, fiscal stability has been prone to instability in dual-gaps in a developing country like Pakistan. This study examines the impact of the saving-investment gap (SI), foreign exchange gap (XM), and the mediating impact of output on fiscal deficit using the time-series data from 1973 to 2018 in Pakistan using Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL). The results show that an increase in the saving-investment gap and output lower the fiscal deficit. However, an increase in the foreign exchange gap increases the fiscal deficit. While considering the interaction effect, SI and output negatively but XM and output interaction positively affect the fiscal deficit. Since SI and output stabilize the fiscal position while the XM destabilizes the latter, the government should strategize to increase savings, investment, exports, and national output and reduce unnecessary imports.</p> Muhammad Asghar, Muhammad Ali Gardezi, Sharafat Ali Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Sequential Mediation Between Night Shift and Job Performance in The Context of Pakistan <p>The objective behind this empirical research is to investigate the sequential mediation of work-life balance and insomnia on the relationship between night shift and job performance in the call centers of telecommunication industry of Pakistan. The data was collected with the help of structured questionnaires from the night shift workers of call center. The results were complied with the Preacher and Hayes process to analyze the sequential mediation between the relationship of night shift and Job Performance. The findings reveal that there is a sequential mediation between night shift and job performance with mediating role of work-life balance and insomnia. The mediating role of insomnia is significant but the mediating role of work-life balance was found to be insignificant between the relationship of night shift and job performance. The study is the great addition to the existing literature as well as for managerial implications by highlighting the negative impacts of continuous nightshift on the work life balance and sleep quality of employees that ultimately impact their job performance.</p> Quratulain Akhtar, Sadia Butt Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 How Green Psychological Capital and Green HRM Can Lead to Long-Term Sustainability in Organizations <p>The economic catastrophe's effects on the nation's environmental conditions include high resource costs and resource spillover consumption. A universal need for sustainable business performance has emerged, and green initiatives are a key solution. New research and regulators have taken these situations into account; as a result, the current study examined the interactions between green transformational leadership (GTL), human resource management (HRM), and the enhancement of manufacturing enterprises' long-term economic success in Pakistan. It also investigated how perceived organizational support affects the collaboration between GTL, green innovation, green human resource management, and manufacturing firms' sustainable industrial performance in Pakistan. Surveys gathered the information, and smart PLS was used to examine the hypotheses. Items regarding perceived organizational support, green innovation, green human resource management, green psychological capital, green transformational leadership, and sustainable business performance were included in the questionnaire. The study's findings showed that GTL, green innovation, and green human resource management had a substantial and direct relationship with the long-term financial success of Pakistani manufacturing enterprises. As a result, the relationship between GTL green innovation, green HRM, and sustainable industry performance of industrialized enterprises in Pakistan is significantly moderated by organizational hold-up. The currently conducted research aids in regulating policies and provides young thinkers with a point of reference.</p> Sherbaz Khan, Sobia Jamil, Uzma Rasool Khan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Effects of Perceived Value, Service Quality and Customer Trust in Home Delivery Service Staff on Customer Satisfaction: Evidence from Pakistan <p>Since e-commerce has expanded rapidly in recent years, it's clear that reliable delivery services are crucial to keeping customers happy. Supplying items on time, providing better service to customers, charging reasonable prices, and enhancing the supplier's reputation are all significant means of retaining existing customers and attracting new ones. The study's key research question is, "How important is the quality of home service?" The value that the customer attributes to the product or service has a direct impact on how satisfied they are with the purchase. Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, will serve as the venue for the gathering. Four hundred users of the home delivery service were polled via email. The Smart PLS framework analyzes conceptual models using partial least squares structural equation models (PLS-SEM). These findings highlight the importance of service quality, the perceived value of the service, and trust in determining customer satisfaction. Trust allows for a connection to be created between a customer's happiness and their perception of the service's value, as well as between a customer's satisfaction and how much they like using the service. These findings, grounded in Expectation Rejection Theory, expand the SERVQUAL model by factoring in perceived value in the presence of trust and so aid in the creation and validation of trust-based models of customer satisfaction. Managers can tell their service providers how to be more reliable and trustworthy by using the study's results.</p> Muhammad Waseem Akram, Ansar Abbas, Irfan Ahmad Khan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Misalignment of Actor’s Resources Leading to Value Co-destruction: A Systematic Literature Review for Future Research Frontier <p>The research frontier of Service-Dominant logic has elicited the etymological debate on the phenomenological nature of value. To date, the literature has shown a biased and myopic view of value co-creation as an outcome of service interaction. Leading journals have given prominent space to value co-creation. Still, value co-destruction is yet least explored though it is also a realistic view of a service interaction. Value co-creation manifests the wellness of actors, but not all service interactions result in positive outcomes causing value co-destruction.&nbsp; The researchers have started the debate on value co-destruction relating to its conceptual description; still, the literature is fragmented. This article is a systematic literature review that explores the epistemological, theoretical, and contextual understanding of value co-destruction to synthesize fragmented literature from 2010 to date. This article provides an overview of value co-destruction seminal work, theoretical underpinnings, leading antecedents, and coping strategies in particular contexts. The systematic selection of literature affirms value co-destruction as a decline in the wellbeing of actors during service exchange due to the misalignment of actors’ resources and a mirror image of value co-creation. This article offers co-existence, the role of context, contextual antecedents, the temporal nature of co-destruction, and exclusively the ISPAR model as theoretical support for value co-destruction as future research directions.</p> Noreen Zahra, Abdul Rashid Kausar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Modeling the Impact of Political Institutions on Energy Security: Evidence from High-Income Countries <p>Energy security has always been the most crucial objective for nations seeking sustainable economic growth. The present study examined the impact of political institutions on energy security using panel data from 34 high-income countries for the years 2000–2018. To investigate the mechanisms through which political variables affect energy security, the study took into account the roles of economic growth, trade, financial development, and urbanization. For the empirical estimation of the research’s objective, Panel robust Driscoll-Kraay standard error technique and Dumitrescu and Hurlin causality test are used. Empirical findings demonstrated the positive effects of trade, economic growth, and financial development on energy security. Particularly, political institutions have a positive impact on energy security in the sample nations. However, the findings showed urbanization has a negative influence on energy security. Additionally, there is a two-way causal link between trade, financial development, and energy security. The study suggested that more green investment in the energy sector for sustainable development might be a result of strong political institutions.</p> Ahmad Jan Malik, Syed Asif Ali Naqvi, Sofia Anwar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Optimal Cash Holding and Firms Profitability: A Case of Pakistan <p>The study enhances the existing literature in corporate finance by estimating the maximum threshold effect of a cash holding ratio on a company's profitability. The panel data of 201 Pakistani publicly traded businesses were taken from the Osiris database between 2009 and 2018 to implement a panel threshold regression model. The findings suggest a two-threshold relationship between the optimal cash holding ratio and corporate profitability, and cash holding rates below 4.3% can potentially increase a company's efficiency. The coefficient is positive until the cash-on-hand ratio hits 4.3%, which becomes negative. Therefore, there is a nonlinear relation between the cash holding ratio and the business's profitability. The most important aspects of the predictors were cash flow and the size of the companies. Businesses should analyze the optimal ratio of holding cash and balance the expenses of storing cash against its potential advantages. Previous studies solely concentrated on the reasons and elements of cash holding but never addressed the question of what percentage of cash a company should keep on hand to attain cash sustainability</p> Abdul Rashid, Nimra Riaz, Ahsan Riaz Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Management Research and Emerging Sciences Fri, 23 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500